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【中专论文】简谈基于语料库的管理学论文结论部分的体裁分析(论文题目)

星级: ★★★★ 期刊: 《语文学刊·外语教育与教学》作者:万雯婷浏览量:4644 论文级别:优秀本章主题:体裁和语料库原创论文: 5156论文网更新时间:12-30审核稿件编辑:Elroy本文版权归属:www.5156chinese.cn 分享次数:1266 评论次数: 9907

导读:体裁和语料库方面的论文怎么写。此篇基于语料库的管理学论文结论部分的体裁分析优秀范文供大学生们写作这类毕业论文参考阅读,希望文章中某毕业论文最新格式会对你的论文写作能有帮助。

(Donghua University, Shanghai,201620)

[Abstract]The conclusion section plays an essential role in summarizing and making the gist clear in a research article。 However, genre analysis is quite rare on the conclusion section in research articles, with the field of management science being much less。 This paper has conducted genre analysis on the Conclusion section by applying Move/Step Mode, based on the corpus of 30 conclusion sections of research articles in management science, trying to explore the generic structures and linguistic features of the research articles in the relevant field so as to offer references for reading and writing academic articles。 The analysis has proposed a 4-move model macro-structure, in which “summarizing the study” plays the core and necessary part in the conclusion section。 The study also finds that the scholars in management science tend to direct and expect the future research, and to use active voice more often。 The present study enriches the genre analysis of conclusion s

体裁专业中专论文怎么写
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ections in RA by confirming the previous study and proposed a new generic structure, offering some pedagogical implications for academic reading and writing。

[Key words]corpus, genre analysis,moves,research conclusions

[中图分类号] H319[文献标识码] A[文章编号] 1672\|8610(2014)10\|0165\|04

I。 Introduction

Since the 1980s, as the major instrument of academic research and communication, research articles (RA) has become a prevalent contextual genre and the genre analysis of RA also has received much concern。 The concept of genre, which had been so prevalent in literature, sociology and rhetoric for a long time, has started assuming importance in linguistics only recently。 Genre analysis as an insightful and thick description of academic and professional texts has become a powerful and useful tool to arrive at significant form-function correlations which can be utilized for a number of applied linguistic purposes, including the teaching of English for specific purposes (ESP)。 (Bhatia, p11) The author herein takes the articles in management science published on two international academic periodicals for the case study, in attempt of finding the involved generic standards and linguistic features, especially those characterize the articles in management science。

And in this paper, the author chose to conduct genre analysis on the conclusion section of the articles, because the conclusion section plays such an important role that is not only about the summary and evaluation of the research results but also about the pedagogical implication and suggestions, thus elevating the article to a higher flight as a whole。 As for the communicative purpose of a conclusion, Yang & Allison (2003) notes that it is “to summarize the research by highlighting the findings, evaluating and pointing out possible lines of future research as well as suggesting implications for teaching and learning”。 Therefore, it is quite important for the learners of ESP and researchers to acquire a good writing and understanding in this section。

Ⅱ。 Literature Review

As in Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings, Swales (1990) has defined genre as particular forms of discourse with shared “structure, style, content and intended audience,” which are used by a specific discourse community to achieve certain communicative purposes through “socio-rhetorical” activities of writing。 Specific examples include lecture, cross talk etc。 While Bhatia (1993,P13), another ESP scholar further described genre as a “recognizable”, “highly structured”, “conventionalized” communicative event which regularly occurs in the professional or academic community。 Therefore, the communicative purpose determines the genre and influences the contextual content and the language style。 And RA is a certain contextual genre with its own social function and communicative purpose — exchange of research results and dissemination of disciplinary knowledge。

In fact, genre analysis has its origin in Swales’s research in RA。 Swales concluded the generic features of Introduction section of RA as the CARS model。 In order to reflect the contextual structure and the writer’s method of writing, Swales adopted two units “Move” and “Step” to analyze the genre。 Move refers to a logical categorization for the communicators’ written or oral context; A Move consists of one or several Steps。 Yang & Allison (2003, P370) points out that “the concept of Move captures the function and purpose of a segment of text at a more general level, while Step spells out more specifically the rhetorical means of realizing the function of Move”。 To sum up, Move is a higher level of discoursal unit performing a particular communicative purpose, while Step is a lower level of Move。

On the genre analysis of the conclusion section of RA, Yang and Allison have done the research, taking the RA in Applied Linguistics as the case study, and propounded a generic structure of Conclusion: Summarizing the study, Evaluating the study and Deductions from the research。 They put the emphasis on comparison and correlation among, discussion and results。 However, their research is a very important implication for this tentative one。

Ⅲ。 Methodology

3。1 Corpus

Corpus-based research has enjoyed increasing attention and status in the field of English for Academic Purposes (EAP) for providing visible and reliable evidence in the analysis of context and helping ascertain patterns of authentic language use across different academic, cultural and linguistic settings。 The author abstracted 30 research articles in management science from two international academic journals authoritative in the field of management: The International Journal of Management Science and Research in Organizational Behavior。 The Corpus Software Wordsmith 4 and Antconc 3。2。0w are used to analyze the micro linguistic features。

3。2 Approach to analysis

Based on the 3-Move generic structure concluded by Yang and Allison, the author conducted structural identification and analysis on the corpus mentioned above and recorded the amount and the frequency of every move。 Nowgu (1997) concluded that if the function of a text segment has an association with the linguistic clues, it is therefore a move。 So the typical linguistic clues have been paid more attention in indentifying the moves and steps in this study。 Nowgu held that every move can capture the linguistic features that share the same communicative purpose。 In this paper the author attempted to find such features from modal verb, tense and voice in the context by the means of corpus。

Ⅳ。 Results and Discussion

4。1 Generic structure

The material is only limited to the 30 articles chosen from the journals mentioned above at random。 By dividing the moves in the articles, this research has summarized the generic structure as shown in figure 1。

Fig。1 The Generic Structure of Conclusion section of RA in Management

MoveStep

1。Introducing

background information1。Review previous study in the territory

2

本篇基于语料库的管理学论文结论部分的体裁分析论文原创地址:http://www.5156chinese.cn/hanyuyanwenxue/226089.html

。Describing methodology

2。Summarizing

the study1。Reporting results

2。Remarks on results

3。Deduction

from the study1。Recommending further research

2。Drawing practical implication

4。Evaluating

the study1。Indicating significance/ advantage

2。Indicating limitations

Among the 30 articles, only 2 of them contain all the four moves and none of them cover all the steps。 In the Move 1 (Introducing background information), the occurrence accounts for 23%; as to the steps within, step 1 is much more than step 2; but because of step’s optional occurrence, the sum of the steps does not equal to the frequency of move。 The authors tend to introduce the background and the topic’s influence over the mass first at the beginning and review the previous study in the territory to foster a foundation。 Take an example from the corpus:

The conventional wisdom may suggest that the parent should respect the subsidiary’s uniqueness in terms of its culture, language, currency and legislation, but at the same time maintain tight control of all IS planning to ensure it is consistent with the parent’s business and IS strategies。 This study, however, suggests that…

The consequent part usually shifts to its own study to make a comparison and show its value and novelty clearly。 While step 2 (describing methodology) only appears 3 times which shows that perhaps the study in management does not value methodology as the empirical disciplines such as Chemistry and Textile。 It involves less in tangible

基于语料库的管理学论文结论部分的体裁分析
体裁和语料库毕业论文最新格式

experiment and stable formulas。

According to Nwogu (1997), a move/step with an occurring rate of about 50% in the corpus is considered a stable one。 In this study, the Move closest to 50%namely, the most stable Move is Move 2 as evidenced in Figure 2。 Therefore, Move 2 (Summarizing the study) can be considered as the “compulsory move” because it occurs in all the Conclusion section and the step1 (Reporting results) is the “compulsory step”。 And the results indicate that this move is the core part of Conclusion and functions in reporting and summarizing the research results。 While step2 (remarks on results) actually exist in several ways: interpreting results, account for results and even comparing results with literature。 This step is also very important in illustrating and making a better understanding for readers。

In the Move 3 (Deduction from the study), though it merely shares 12。6%, the occurrence of Step 1(recommending further research) has shown that in the articles of management science authors tend to recommend further research topics and expect what they’ve done will be inspiration and implication for the future scholars。 They usually begin with sentences like “There are a number of extensions possible to this study。”,or “Further research may involve extensions to…”。

Move 4 (Evaluating the study) is just second to M2 and M1, reiterating the its significance and advantages over the previous research。 Sometimes the significance and advantage is not an intentional one as described in the Introduction, but an unexpected one which can only be found in Results and Conclusion。 It may occur both in the beginning and at last with the opening words like “This research has contributed towards…” or “To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that…”。 While it’s interesting that the step 2 (indicating limitations) rarely appears in Conclusion。

What merits mention is that the moves in Conclusion section don’t occur in certain order。 A move sometimes may recur after another move。 Likewise, in the same move, the order of steps is not fixed either。 The various order of moves and steps could capture the author’s train of thought and what he tries to stress to some extent。

Fig。2Frequency of occurring Move-Step

MoveStepFrequencyPercentage

M1: IBIS1: review previous study

S2: methodology17

623%

M2: SSS1: reporting results

S2: remarks on results32

2042。5%

M3: DSS1: further research

S2: practical implication9

212。6%

M4: ESS1: indicating significance

S2: indicating limitations17

421。8%

4。2 Linguistic features

Swales believes that the cognitive structure and linguistic features interrelate and interact with each other in the certain genre。 The genre and the communicative purpose determines the language style。 Therefore, the analysis on linguistic features is essential to the genre analysis of contexts。

1) Modal verb。 In obtaining the statistics of modal verbs, considering that every move h

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as different sum of verbs, the author made the number of modal verbs in every move divided by the total verbs in this part to get the frequency of modal verbs。 The modal verbs under study include must, can, could, may, might and need。 The words with characteristics of modal verbs like “have to, used to, ought to” and “dare, will” are excluded。 It is found that the distribution of modal verbs varies in different moves。 The high density of modal verbs occurs in M1S1, M2S2,and M3S1, that is the authors’ subjective description of previous and current study, remarks on the results they found and their expectation for future research based on theirs。 Some materials from the corpus are exemplified here。

Due to reprisals for counter stereotypical behavior, women may be consigned to fulfill only part of their human potential…

“may/might/could” are often used to reveal the existing potential problems from which the current study’s significance are introduced。

Although women must enact agency to offset negative stereotypes regarding their leadership ability, doing so can result in social and economic reprisals。

When describing the phenomenon and situation in the author’s eyes, he use modal verbs to express his clear-cut opinion and attitude。 Also “can” is often used as notional verb indicating “be able to” instead of showing possibility in these articles。

This study, however, suggests that the delegation of that control may benefit the subsidiary。 Because benefit to the subsidiary can accrue the parent,…

When the author do some remarks on his study results, he chooses modal verbs to show his modesty and confidence in his study。 In such case, modal verbs actually play the role of Hedging。 Hyland (2005) pointed out that hedging is pragmatically helpful for the author to obtain readers’ recognition and leave himself some leeway in his argument。

2) Tense。 Tense also varies in different moves。 In the Move 1, past and perfect present are used to describe and review the previous study and the author’s methodology in his study。

e。g。 Although organizational scholars have conducted extensive research on specific proactive behaviors in recent decades…

In the Move 2, present and perfect present are used to illustrate and comment on the study results。

E。g。 We have described the idea of a commons as a resource…, have shown that…, have illustrated ways in which actors have asserted ownership of intangible common resources

In the Move 3 and Move 4, the author tends to use present tense to state the deduction and evaluation of the results。

e。g。 Research on the dynamics of assertiveness has the promise of addressing some of the most basic questions of interpersonal relations…

The answers presented here are certainly incomplete and quite likely wrong in small and large ways…

3) Voice。 Many scholars have a consensus that passive voice predominates in academic writing and English for Science and Technology。 Ge &Yang’s(2005) genre analysis on Abstract has found that in the abstracts in Financial RA, active verbs are much more than passive ones。 Also this study doesn’t approve the conventional judgement, because as is shown in the figure 3, in all the moves active voice is more than passive voice in frequency。

Fig。3Distribution of voice

VoiceM1M2M3M4

Active%75。683。867。688。1

Passive%24。416。232。411。9

Through the citations from corpus, it is found that “past tense + passive voice” is so preferred in these articles that 44 concordance hits are listed。 Swales and Feak (1994) claimed that past tense and passive voice are the typical linguistic features in the Methodology and the Results of research articles。

…the rest of the country was not similarly organized,…

…a tobacco company, was ostracized for releasing evidence…

…Grounded Theory, which was operationalised in Critical Action…

…ACSB-accredited schools, was introduced in this study。

Such expressions not only show that the author bears quite an objective attitude but also that the writing is based on empirical study。

Ⅴ。 Conclusion

This study has conducted a genre analysis on the conclusion section of research articles in management science based on the corpus of 30 conclusion sections abstracted from authoritative international journals at random。 The analysis is conducted from the perspectives of macro generic structures and micro linguistic features including modal verbs, tense and voice。 The study has found that the move “summarizing the results” is the compulsory move in conclusions while “reporting the results” the compulsory step。 Most scholars show their expectation of future research based on theirs and recommend the direction。 Linguistically, the usage of modal verbs in making hedge has been analyzed; the features of tense and voice have been studied integrated with the move and step: active verbs predominate in the articles and the move is a major influence over tense。 Further research may involve extensions to the comparative genre analysis between management science and other disciplines, with more advanced corpus software。 The present study enriches the research in genre

analysis and offers some pedagogical implication for academic reading and writing。

【 References 】

[1]Bhatia, V。K。 1993。 Analyzing Genre: Language Use in Professional Settings[M]。London: Longman。

\[2\] Ge Dongmei, Yang Ruiying。 2005。 学术论文摘要的体裁分析[J]。Modern Foreign Languages, 28(2)。

\[3\] Hyland, K。 2005。 Stance and engagement: A model of interaction in academic discourse[J]。Discourse Studies。

\[4\] Li Ping, Josta van Rij-Heyligers。 2011。 基于语料库的学术论文摘要体裁对比分析[J]。Journal of Xi’an International Studies University, 19(1), 39-44。

\[5\] Liu Hui。 2011。 应用语言学英语期刊论文结论部分体裁分析[J]。Journal of Yangtze University, 34(11)。

\[6\] Nogwu, K。 N。 1997。 The Medical Research Paper: Structure and Functions[J]。English for Specific Purposes, 16(2)。

\[7\] Swales, J。 1990。 Genre Analysis: English in Academic and Research Settings[M]。Cambridge: Cambridge University Press。

\[8\] Swales, J。 M。, Feak, C。 1994。 Academic Writing for Graduate Students: Essential Tasks and Skills[M]。MI: University of Michigan Press。

\[9\] Yang, R。, Allison, D。 2003。 Research articles in applied linguistics: Moving from results to conclusions[J]。English for Specific Purposes, 22(4)。

基于语料库的管理学论文结论部分的体裁分析

万雯婷

(东华大学,上海201620)

[摘要]结论部分在科研论文中在总结论点、阐明主旨上起着至关重要的作用.但是少有对科研论文结论部分的体裁分析,尤其是管理科学领域的论文写作.本文基于语料库,利用语步/步骤模式对科研论文结论部分进行体裁分析,试图探索管理科学类科研论文的语类结构和语言特征,以为学术论文的阅读和写作提供指导和参考价值.研究所采用语料库由30篇管理科学论文结论部分组成.通过分析,作者提出了4-语步模式宏观结构,发现其中“总结研究”是结论部分的核心部分.研究还发现管理科学研究者倾向于指向和期待将来的研究方向,并且经常使用主动语态.本研究再次验证前人相关研究成果,提出新的语类结构,丰富了对科研论文结论部分的体裁分析研究,也为阅读和写作学术论文提供了教学启示.

[关键词]语料库;体裁分析;语步;结论部分

[ 参考文献 ]

1、纺织学术文章结论部分的体裁分析——基于语料库的研究(Donghua University, Shanghai, 201620)[Abstract]In the field of English for Specific Purposes, littl

2、地方性旅游景区翻译语料库的创建及其应用随着经济全球化和地方旅游业的持续发展,能否为游客提供更加优质的服务将成为地方性旅游景区是否能够持续发展的关键性因素。在这里,建立一个好的地方性旅游景区的翻译语料库就显得尤为重要。为此,本文就地方性旅游

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