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【留学生论文】浅谈The Change in Ethnic Minority Affairs Policy in Taiwan and its Administrative Framework(论文范文题目)

星级: ★★★★★ 期刊: 《民族学刊》作者:Lang Weiwei浏览量:2857 论文级别:经典本章主题:学刊和字数原创论文: 5156论文网更新时间:12-18审核稿件编辑:Leo本文版权归属:www.5156chinese.cn 分享次数:1216 评论次数: 2390

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(Southwest Nationalities Research Academy, Southwest University

for Nationalities,Chengdu,610041,Sichuan,China)

JOURNAL OF ETHNOLOGY, VOL。 7, NO。2, 39-42, 2016 (CN51-1731/C, in Chinese)

DOI:10。3969/j。issn。1674-9391。2016。02。05

Abstract:

Multiple ethnic minorities are distributed across China’s Taiwan。 After the “Nationalist Government” retreated from the mainland, the ethnic affairs policy of Taiwan experienced a change。This article provides a brief introduction to the evolution of the ethnic affairs policy in Taiwan。

After the government of the Republic of China retreated from the mainland in 1949, Taiwan “authorities” kept the administrative structure of the “Committee for Mongolians and Tibetans” under the “Executive Branch”。 The representatives of different frontier ethnic groups, such as Mongolian, Tibetan, Manchu, Hui, Uygur, and Kazak, were still included in the “National Assembly” and “legislature” of Taiwan “authorities”, and by so doing reflected the existence of these ethnic groups。 However, the original ethnic minorities in the Taiwan Island still kept their earlier, complex of names。 For instances, they were called the “gaoshanzu”(high mountain ethnic groups) ,“shandi shanbao”(mountain fellows in mountainous area), “pingdi shanbao”(mountain fellows in the plains), “xian zhumin”(early residents), “tuzhu zu”(aborigines), or they were called by their original names directly。

Since the 19

此篇The Change in Ethnic Minority Affairs Policy in Taiwan and its Administrative Framework论文原创地址:http://www.5156chinese.cn/yingyu/152.html

70s and 1980s, the call to fight for the rights of minorities (including ethnic minorities) was growing throughout the world。 The indigenous peoples of Taiwan, i。e。 the ethnic minorities, started to seek their own rights, and around 520,000 indigenous peoples expressed their demands in various ways。 The academic circles and representatives of ethnic minorities in Taiwan also proposed to make some revisions in the “Constitution” concerning ethnic regulations。 These revisions inv
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olved the issue of positioning the names of the ethnic groups。 Taiwa

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n scholars had different suggestions on this issue, including using the original ethnic names, or using “yuanzhu min”(indigenous peoples), etc。

The ethnic affairs policy makers in Taiwan at last chose to keep up with the trend of the times, and established an institute whose function was to safeguard “the fourth world”, i。e。 the rights of indigenous peoples。 In 1996, the Taiwan “legislature” approved the xingzhengyuan yuanzhumin weiyuanhui zuzhi tiaoli (Regulations of the Committee for Indigenous Peoples under the “Executive Branch”, and the xingzhengyuan yuanzhumin weiyuanhui ( Committee for Indigenous Peoples under the “Executive Branch”) was formed formally in December of that year。 Later, the name was changed to xingzhengyuan yuanzhu minzu weiyuanhui(Committee for Indigenous Ethnic Groups under the “Executive Branch” )。 The responsibility of the Committee for Indigenous Ethnic Groups included the task of rec

The Change in Ethnic Minority Affairs Policy in Taiwan and its Administrative Framework
学刊和字数论文格式排版

ognizing aboriginal identity and indigenous peoples。 Specifically, this meant that once the aboriginal people proposed that they belonged to a separate indigenous people, the “council” would organize experts to confirm this identify。 Of course, the results had to be reported to the committee, and the final approval rights belonged to Taiwan’s “Executive Branch”。 The mainland normally called the indigenous ethnic minorities of Taiwan gaoshanzu (high mountain ethnic groups)。 However, academic circles have divided the gaoshanzu into nine branches。 And the structure of identification made by mainland academic circles differs somewhat from the new situation of the ethnic minorities in Taiwan。 At present, 14 ethnic minority groups have been identified in Taiwan by the “Committee for Indigenous Ethnic Peoples under Taiwan’s ‘Executive Branch’”。

Concerning the affairs of the Indigenous Ethnic Peoples in Taiwan, higher education is of special concern because it is regarded as the key for the sustainable development of the ethnic people。 After 1949, Taiwan “authorities” set up a “Frontier Education Division” under the “Education Ministry”。 The Mountain Fellows Education Committee was established in 1988, and its name was changed to the Indigenous Peoples Education Committee in 1994。 In the same year, A Five-Year Plan Outline of the Development and Promotion of Indigenous Peoples’ Education was set up, and it included a plan for building institutes for nationalities or colleges of ethnic relations。 In 1996, the Taiwan “Education Ministry” organized a “‘National’Conference for Indigenous Peoples’ Education”, and continued to discuss specific ways for the implementation of higher education for the indigenous peoples。 In the late 1990s, the issue of opening higher education to indigenous ethnic peoples produced heated discussion in Taiwan。 Generally speaking, most people supported building institutes for nationalities。 However, there were two different ideas about how to do this: one suggestion was to build separate schools, while the other suggested building a college for nationalities within a comprehensive university。 Now, Taiwan chooses the latter one, i。e。 building colleges for nationalities within a comprehensive university。 This was not only suitable for the reality of ethnic distribution in the Island of Taiwan, but, it also avoided wasting resources。

In summary, over time, the objectives of ethnic affairs policy in Taiwan has changed。 The affairs of indigenous peoples has been put on the agenda。 Only by depending on an orderly management by a relevant institute, can the ethnic affairs be managed effectively, and the rights of indigenous people be safeguarded。 In communication between the mainland and Taiwan, a mutual exchange of experiences on the management of ethnic issues could be a venue for future exchange。

Key Words:Taiwan; ethnic affairs; administrative structure; change

References:

Xinhuawang。 taiwan fangmian xiwang jiaqiang liangan shaoshu minzu shiwu jiaoliu (Taiwan Hopes to enhance the exchange of ethnic minority affairs between Taiwan and Mainland)。(2013-03-11)[2015-06-12]。http://news。xinhuanet。com/tw/2013-03/11/c_114985263。htm19:27:36。

Xiao Jinsong。taiwan sheli minzu xueyuan de kexingxing fenxi(Feasibility Analysis on the Establishment of Institutes for Nationalities in Taiwan)。In Newsletter of Ethnic Studies(Taiwan),1997(3)。

Zhao Jiawan。taiwan minzu yanjiu gaisu(A General Introduction to Ethnic Studies in Taiwan),In Journal of Guangdong University for Nationalities,1995(3)。

[ 参考文献 ]

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