America´s First Black President
Ten-year-old Barack Obama was one of the only three black students at his school inHawaii, the US。 He is different from most of the other students。 White girls wanted to touchhis hair。A white boy asked him whether his father ate people。
“I lied to them that my father was a Kenyan prince(王子)。But I kept asking myself wh0 1was," said Obama。
37 years later, to everyone´s surprise, the boy became well-known。 On November 4th,2008, Obama became the first black president in US history。
Obama was born to an African father and a white American woman from a small townin the US in 1961。 He grew up in Indonesia and Hawaii。 This unusual background（背景）macle him wonder who he was, He even wanted to forget this question。
With the help of his friends。 Obama finally tumed his life around in the university。 Af-ter leaving from Columbia University in 1983, he had agreat idea-working hard to bringchange to the world。 So he moved from New York to Chicago in 1985 and worked in a poorAfrican-American area for three years。 After that, he studied laws in Harvard University andgraduated in 1991。 Later, he became the thircl black senator(参议员)in US history。 Dur
“奥巴马的成功使马丁·路德·金(Martin Luther King)的梦想变成了现实.That is：Aman should not be judged by the color of his skin, but by the content of his character。" He said at the speech in Chicago after he was elected。
原创出处：http://www.5156chinese.cn/yingyu/36112.html1。 When Oba
文章和短文毕业论文格式修改ma was ten years old, the other students at his school were_______to him。
2。 Obama´s father wasn´t a Kenyan prince, was he?_______．
3。 From the story we know that Columbia University is in the city of_______．
Key：【语篇解读】一位黑人总统用自己的成功向世人表明：不能通过肤色而是要通过他的性格内涵来判定一个人.他就是奥巴马.l。unfriendly/not friendly/not kind/not polite/rude---(答案不唯一，意思符合即可.)由文章第一段事实可知.2。No, he wasn´t。由第二段的首句中的lie（撒谎）可知.3。New York由文章倒数第三段第三句：moved from New York to Chicago……“从纽约迁到芝加哥”可知，他是在New York上的大学.4。Obama´s success has (already) made Martin Luther King´s dream come true。 make sth。 do为常见结构.5。People shouldn´t judge aman by the color of his skin, but the content of his character。考查被动语态与主动语态的相互转换.
The Secrets of Happiness
-1—Money and success alone do not bring lasting（长久的）happiness。 Happiness de-pends on ourselves, In other words, we make our own happiness。 Here are a few suestionsto help you be happier。
-2一Too often, we spend so much time thinking about the future-for example, gettinginto college or getting a good job-that we fail to enjoy the present(现在)。You should enjoylife´s simple pleasures, such as reading a good book, listening to your favorite music,oI spending time with close friends。____3_
Another secret to leading a happy life is to be active, and have hobbies where you for-get your problems。 Many people experience this dancing, or playing a sport。, such as skatinS or soccer。___4____
Finally, many people find happiness in helping others。 According to studies, people feel good when they volunteer their time to help others。___5___You can help afriend with his or her lessons, go shopping to buy food for your family members, or simply help out around the house by washing the dishes。
Key:【语篇解读】幸福人人都想得到，但如何更好地感受幸福呢？本文将给你明确答复.1。E在第一段作者的主要目的是引出话题，在引出话题前，首先介绍人们追求幸福的现状.2。D通过下一段主题句“Another secret to leading……”可知答案.3。F通过上句中的“or spendingtime with close friends”可知答案.4。G通过本段主题句，可知感受幸福的另外一个秘密就是积极参加一些活动，以便忘记烦恼.5。B本段主要讲的是感受幸福的第三个诀窍是乐于助人．故本题答案为B.
The Chinese were the first nation of people to use surnames（姓）about 2,500 years ago。Westem countries did not start to use them until about l。000 years ago。 Until that time,people were simply know only by their given names。
In England, this was not a problem until the French invaded(入侵)in the llth century。
During this period, most English names became unpopular and only afew popular nameswere available, such as William, Henry, John, Robert, Richard and Thomas。 Finally, Peoplehad to start taking a sumame to distinguish（区分）themselves from each other。 Today,everyone in English-speaking countries has a surname, but where did they come from?
Often a son got his surname from his father by adding "s" or "son" to his father´sgiven name。 Robertson, Williamson, Jackson, Thomson, Richardson, Roberts, Williams andRichards are all common sumames。Occupation(职业)
Other surnames came from a person´s job such as Cook, Smith, Gardener, Baker,Shepherd, Taylor, Butclier or Carpenter。 So the local baker may have been called HenryBaker, the local carpenter William Carpenter and the local smith Henry Smith。Location Sometimes people took names of some places for their sumames, for example, the nameof their village。 Often people were given the name of a physical feature(特征) near their homesuch as Hill。 Field, Wood, Brown or Green。 The man who lived bv the wood might be calledJack Wood and the man who lived on the top of a nearby hill might be called John Hill。Characteristics Often, the other people in the village gave a person his surname。 If a person had anunusual physical characteristic, it became part of his name。 So, a man who was unusuallyshort might be called John Short or John Little。 If he was tall, he may have been calledWilliam TalI or William Long。 Other common nicknames(绰号) were White(for grey hair), Red(for red hair) and Stout(meaning fat)。 A son or daughter might inherit(继承) a nickname as asurname even if they themselves did not share the particular characteristic。 They probablydisliked it but they just had to put up with(忍受) it！ Of course, over the years many of thesesurnames have changed slightly but many are still used today even though most people haveforgotten their meanings。
Key:【语篇解读】本文介绍了英国人姓的来历：分别来自父亲的名字、职业、住所或个性.1．began/started由文章第一段“Western countries did not start to use them--”可知.2。givenglven name名字.3。job/occupation由文章的第四段可知.4。cook由文章的第四段可知.5。living由文章的第五段可知.6。physical由文章的第五段可知.7。Characteristics第六段的标题.8．unusual由第六段中的第二句可知.9。like由第六段中的 “They probably disliked it but theyjust had to。。。”可知.lO。same由第六段中的 “they themselves did not share the particularcharacteristics”可知.
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2、短文三则 AHow much attention do you pay to what you put in your body, in other words, food? As we get older,
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