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【硕士论文】探讨From Ethnographic Object Collecting to Southeastern Oceanic Culture Construction—— Collecting and Exhibiting Practices of Lin Huixiang (1929-1958)(论文资料)

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导读:学刊和字数方面的论文怎么写。此篇From Ethnographic Object Collecting to Southeastern Oceanic Culture Construction—— Collecting and Exhibiting Practices of Lin Huixiang (1929-1958)优秀范文供大学生们写作这类毕业论文参考阅读,希望文章中某毕业论文致谢范文会对你的论文写作能有帮助。

Seen from a critical perspective, a museum is not a neutral and objective institution but a space full of power and discussion。 In addition, in our modern times Museums have become a controversial place: the museums nature has changed from a ‘palace of knowledge’ to a representationsystem composed of objects。 Eilean HooperGreenhill uses the terms“effective history” and “episteme” to examine the history of a museum, and divides it into three stages: (i) the irrational cabinet, (ii) a classical episteme, and (iii) a modern episteme。 Different epistemes directly influence the collecting and exhibiting practices。 Susan Pearce points out that collecting activities express and shape the relationship between the human and material worlds。 She distinguishes between “gathering”, “hoarding”, and “collecting” and she emphasizes that the term “collecting” points to products of imagination。 This imagination metaphorically creates meanings by arrangement and it displays the known world。 Therefore, the activity of collecting and exhibiting is always practiced under a particular episteme; in addition political standpoints, value judgments, and academic interests are involved when interpreting the meanings of the objects and the constructing the knowledge order。

This article moreover conducts a systematic exploration of Lin Huixiangs collecting and exhibiting practices as well as the genealogy of his academic ideas。 All is examined from three aspects: (i)ethnicity, nation, and ethnographic object collecting practices; (ii) the intellectual, display practices and Museum of Anthropology; (iii) the New Theory of Evolution and the establishment of the Southeasternoceanicculturesystem。

The first section of “ethnicity,nation, and ethnographic object collecting practices”focuses on Lin Huixiangs collecting practices from 1929 until the end of the Second World War。 He started to collect aboriginal human objects in Taiwan since 1929 and ethnographical objects in the South Sea since 1937。 As most anthropologists from that area and period, Lin Huixiangs collecting activities were influenced by patriotism, the establishment of a Chinese anthropology, and by personal academic interests。 Chinese anthropologists during the 1920s to 1940s, including Lin Huixiang, believed that nationalism and the ‘Great Harmony’ would lead to Chinese independence and civilization。 And his practices had real significance for China in wartime。 On the one hand, these aboriginal objects from Taiwan and the South Sea were regarded as material evidence of an extant“barbarian” culture; this was helpful in understanding that the ‘barbarian’ culture was basically same as that of ours, which then would reduce our ethnic prejudice against the ‘barbarian’。 On the other hand, these objects also became a means for the public to understand Taiwan, the colony of Japan; in fact, these aboriginal objects even became a symbol of anticolonialism and aroused the peoples patriotism。

The second part of “the intelluctual, display practices and Museum of Anthropology” turns to Lin Huixiangs ideas about the enlightment through a museum and its exhibitions。 Lin Huixiang indeed emphasized the educational function of exhibitions and the museum。 He displayed his collections to the public, held several exhibitions starting in 1929, donated all his collections to Xiamen University in 1951, and advocated the establishment of the Museum of Anthropology。 Lin Huixiang pointed out that museums were educational institutions meant to spread knowledge, and he used specimens, charts, and models to educate the public。 As an anthropologist, Lin Huixiang understood the meaning of an ethnographical museum as an instrument for teaching, research, and social education。

By reviewing Lin Huixiangs ‘collecting and exhibiting practices’ d

学刊专业硕士论文如何写
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uring the period 1929-1958, we can clearly come to understand his academic ideas about the discipline of anthropology and about the Southeasternregional culture。 The exhibitions in the Museum of Anthropology of Xiamen University represent his endeavor to construct the Southeasternoceanicculturesystem within the framework of the New Theory of Evolution。 He showed archaeological specimens from the prehistoric period to the historical period, as well as ethnographical objects of Chin
本篇探讨From Ethnographic Object Collecting to Southeastern Oceanic Culture Construction—— Collecting and Exhibiting Practices of Lin Huixiang (1929-1958)论文范文综合参考评定如下
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as Southeastern region and Taiwan region, Indonesia, Singapore, India,and of Burma。 All objects displayed in exhibitions were used to illustrate the rule of evolution, especially the ethnographic objects that evidenced the primitiveness of human culture; this is helpful to us when exploring the origins of cultures。 At the same time, Lin Huixiang compared the cultures of Northern China and Southeastern China, and identified cultural traits specific to the Southeastern area, aiming to show cultural similarities among Chinas Southeastern region and the Taiwan region,and Southeast Asia, which he called the“Southeasternoceanicculturesystem”。

Key Words:episteme; Lin Huixiang; Museum of Anthropology; Southeasternoceanicculture

References:

Anonymous。 Xiamen renleixue chenliesuo gaikuang (Introduction to the Museum of Anthropology in Xiamen)。 In the Weekly of Xiamen University, 1936 (22)。

Bo Ren。 xiamen daxue renlei bowuguan chenliepin jieshao (Introduction to the Objects Exhibition at Xiamen Universitys

From Ethnographic Object Collecting to Southeastern Oceanic Culture Construction—— Collecting and Exhibiting Practices of Lin Huixiang (1929-1958)
学刊和字数毕业论文致谢范文

Museum of Anthropology)。 In Journal of Xiamen University (Arts & Social Sciences Edition) , 1963(2)。

Eilean HooperGreenhill。 Museums and the Shaping of Knowledge, London/New York: Rutledge, 1992。

Hu Huanyong。 sheli bianjiang bowuguan zhi xuyao (The Needs of Establishing aBorderland Museum)。 In Geographical Education, 1937 (3)。

Hu Huisheng。 canguan taiwan fanzu shenghuopin biaoben hou (After Visiting Daily Implement Sample of Taiwan Savages[Two])。 In JingHu HuHang Railway Weekly,1930 (12)。

Jiang Bingzhao, Wu Chunming eds。 Lin Huixiang wenji (The Essays of Lin Huixiang [Vol。 1]), Xiamen: xiamen daxue chubanshe, 2012。

Jiang Bingzhao, Wu Chunming eds。 Lin Huixiang wenji (The Essays of Lin Huixiang, [Volume 2]), Xiamen: xiamen daxue chubanshe, 2012。

Krzysztof Pomian。 Collectors and Curiosities: Paris and Venice, 1500-1800;Elizabeth WilesPortier trans, Cambridge: Polity Press, 1990。

Lin Huixiang。 taiwan shengfan biaoben mulu daoyan (Introduction to the Sample Catalogue of Taiwan Savage)。 In xiadazhoukan (Weekly of Xiamen University), 1929(213)。

Lin Huixiang。 taiwan fanzu zhi yuanshi wenhua (Primitive Culture of Taiwan Savages) (photoprint), Shanghai: Shanghai Literature and Art Publishing Group, 1991。

Lin Huixiang。 taiwan fanzu diaocha baogao cuoyao fu minzuxue de xiaoyong lueshuo (Abstract of the Taiwan Aboriginal Investigative Report and Discussion onthe Function of Ethnology)。 In Monthly Routine of Academia Sinica), 1930 (11)。

Lin Huixiang。 yeman jiuguolun (Theory of Rescuing a Nation by a Barbarian Spirit)。In Journal of Sociology of Xiamen University, 1933 ( initial issue)。

Lin Huixiang。 minzuxue xueshuo de xinzonghe: xinjinhualun (Comprehensive Ethnological Theories: a New Theory of Evolution)。In Minzuxue yanjiu jikan (Collection of Ethnological Research Projects), 1936 (1)。

Lin Huixiang。 zenyang yanjiu renleixue? (How to Research Anthropology? [Part 1]。 In shangwu yinshuguan chuban zhoukan (Weekly of Shangwu Yinshuguan), 1937(231)。

Lin Huixiang。 xiamen daxue renlei bowuguan chenliepin shuoming (Catalogue of the Collection of Xiamen University Museum of Anthropology), Xiamen: xiamen daxue chubanshe, 1958。

Lin Huixiang。 zongguo minzushi (shang) (Chinese Ethnohistory), Beijing: shangwu yinshuguan, 1993。

Lin Huixiang。 wenhua renleixue (Cultural Anthropology), Beijing: shangwu yinshuguan, 1996。

Sharon Macdonald and Gordon Fyfe, eds。 Theorizing Museums: Representing Identity and Diversity in a Changing World, Oxford: Blackwell Publishers, 1998。

Susan M。 Pearce。 On Collecting: An Investigation into Collecting in the European Tradition, London & New York: Rutledge, 1995。

Stuart Hall。 biaozheng: wenhua biaoxiang yu yizhi shijian (Representation: Cultural Representations and Sig

原创地址:http://www.5156chinese.cn/zhengzhi/561519.html

nifying Practices), Xu Liang trans。 Beijing: Shangwn Chuban she, 2003。

Wang Songshan。 bowuguan soucang de wenhua yu kexue (Culture and Science of Museum Collecting), Taipei: National Taiwan Museum, 2010。

Wang Youqiao。 bowuguan yu minzu fuxing (Museum and National Rejuvenation)。 In zhongguo bowuguan xiehui huibao (Newsletter of the Chinese Museum Association), 1936 (1)。

Yin Kai。 bowuguan de minzuzhi shuxie: yi linhuixiang de xiamen daxue renlei bowuguan weili (Writing Museum Ethnography: Taking Lin Huixiangs Museum of Anthropology (1953-1966) of Xiamen University as an Example)。 In beijing minsu luncong (Collected Essays of Beijing Folklore; Vol。 2), Beijing: xueyuan chubanshe, 2014。

Zhang Xianqing。 wujian de wenhua: zhongguo xuezhe de zaoqi tianye caijizhi fansi (The Culture of Objects: Reflection on Former Chinese AnthropologistsCollecting from the Field)。 In Journal of Ethnology , 2016 (1)。

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